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Home / About the Programme / EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region


Official website of the EC on EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

Starting at the end of 2009, the Programme took on board the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (Strategy), the first ever macro–regional strategy initiated by the European Parliament and coordinated by the European Commission.

The Strategy is a new way of working together in the European Union because it strives for more intensive cooperation between the Baltic countries. It emphasizes 15 priority areas representing the main areas in which the Strategy can contribute to improvements. 

The main aim of the Strategy is to coordinate existing efforts to improve living standards for inhabitants through the stimulation of social and economic development, together with the improvement of environmental standards in the Baltic Sea Region. 

Saving the sea, connecting the region, and increasing prosperity are the three objectives which represent the three key challenges of the Strategy.

As a number of the projects funded by the Programme can be seen as supporting the priority areas of the Strategy and result-oriented regional development in the Baltic Sea Region, the table provides more details on the projects of the Programme contributing to the implementation of the Strategy.

The Latvia–Lithuania Programme’s projects in line with the 15 priority areas of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

Priority area

Project short title
1.  Nutrient inputs to the sea (to reduce nutrient inputs to the sea to acceptable levels)
2. Natural zones and biodiversity (to preserve natural zones and biodiversity, including fisheries)
3. Hazardous substances (to reduce the use and impact of hazardous substances)
4. Clean shipping (to become a model region for clean shipping)
5. Climate change (to mitigate and adapt to climate change)
6. Internal market (to remove hindrances to the internal market in the Baltic Sea Region including to improve cooperation in the customs and tax area)
7. Research and innovation (to exploit the full potential of the region in research and innovation)
8. Entrepreneurship, SMEs and human resources (implementing the Small Business Act: to promote entrepreneurship, strengthen SMEs and increase the efficient use of human resources)


9. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries (to reinforce sustainability of agriculture, forestry and fisheries)
10. Energy market (to improve the access to, and the efficiency and security of energy markets)
11. Transport links (to improve internal and external transport links)


12. Education and youth, tourism, culture and health (to maintain and reinforce the attractiveness of the Baltic Sea Region in particular through education, tourism, culture and health)
13. Maritime safety and security  (to become a leading region in maritime safety and security)
14. Major emergencies (to reinforce protection from major emergencies at sea and on land)
15. Cross border crime (to decrease the volume of, and harm done by, cross border crime)


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